Botany, also known as plant biology or phytology, is the scientific study of plants and their life processes. It is a branch of biology that focuses on understanding the structure, function, growth, reproduction, evolution, classification, and ecological relationships of plants.

Botanists, scientists who specialize in botany, study a wide variety of plant-related topics, including:

Botany is essential for various reasons. Plants are the foundation of terrestrial ecosystems, and they play a vital role in the Earth's biosphere by producing oxygen, capturing carbon dioxide, and providing food and shelter for other organisms. Understanding plants is crucial for agriculture, forestry, conservation, and environmental management. Additionally, botany contributes to the development of medicines, biofuels, and other valuable products derived from plants.