Arabic literature refers to the body of written works created in the Arabic language, which is primarily spoken in the Arab world and used as a liturgical language for Islam. Arabic literature has a rich and diverse tradition that dates back centuries, and it encompasses various genres and themes reflecting the cultural, historical, and religious aspects of Arab societies.

Arabic literature can be broadly classified into several periods:

Arabic literature continues to evolve and adapt to contemporary contexts, with a vibrant literary scene in various Arab countries and among the diaspora. It remains an essential means of cultural expression, preserving Arab heritage, and providing a platform for critical discussions and creative exploration. Arabic literature's influence extends beyond the Arab world, with translations bringing its works to a global audience and contributing to cultural exchange and mutual understanding.